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 Fars

Main Townships: Abadeh, Eqleed, Firooz Abad, Kazeroon, Mamasani, Marvdasht, Nayreez, Shiraz, etc. Main Attractions: Hafiz Tomb, Karim Khani Citadel, Koorush Shrine, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Naqsh-e-Shapour, Narenjestan Qavam Edifice, Nasirol Molk Mosque, Parishan Lake, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Qashqaie Tribe, Sa'di Tomb, Vakil Bazaar and Public Bath, etc.


fars

Townships, Fars

Abadeh

Abadeh is located at 638 km from Tehran. The antiquity of this area is far beyond a millennium; however, it started developing only after Karim Khan Zand chose Shiraz as the mountainous capital of Iran. This city is the first mountainous city of northern Fars and is located in a vast plain at an altitude of 2,000 m. known as “Sarhad”. It has fertile lands which attract tribes such as Qashqaie in summer and spring as a summer residing quarter.In this city various religious and historical monuments have remained.

Bovanat

In the past it was a part of Abadeh and recently was distinguished as a township and Sourian is its center. the history of Bovanat is intermingled with that of Abadeh.

Darab

It is located to the southeast of the province. Darab is geographically divided in two regions. The north-east region is mountainous and forested, the south-central region has much lower altitude and includes vast plains. Its original name was Darabgerd (Darabjerd). The ruins of this city still remain in the south west of the present town which is known as Dehya Castle. In Darab, lemon trees are grown which are a speciality of Iran.

Eqleed

It is located in north Fars and means “Key”, it is surrounded by mountains in the south and in the west. It is quite fertile and encompasses many historical and religious monuments such as a few jame' mosques, inscriptions and towers."Dokhtar Gabar" and Tang-e-Boraq Gorge are situated in this township.

Estahban

It is situated at 1112 km. from Tehran. The re-construction of Estahban, after the invasion of Mongols was performed by Amir Mobarezodin Al-e-Mozafar in 746 AH. It is located between two altitudes and to the south of the Bakhtegan Lake; the eastern part has a hot climate and the rest is rather mild because of the mountains. Forests of fig trees have contributed to the economy of this region based on exports.

Fasa

It is located in the southeast of Shiraz, in a rather mountainous region. Most villages of this township are also situated in these altitudes. Only the south-east and north-west regions are to some extent flat. In the clay inscriptions of Persepolis, its name was mentioned as “Peshi Ya” or “Beshi Ya”. In the year 23 AH Osman-ebne-Abi-Al-Ass, conqueblack the city. During 4th century AH Fasa was the second most important town of “Darabgerd State” was to the same extent as Shiraz.

Firooz Abad

Located at 1035 km. from Tehran and in a mountainous region with a moderate climate in north and hot weather in the south. It is one of the main gathering points for the Qashqaie tribes as a summer quarter. The present Firooz Abad city is located 3 km. to the south-east of a historical monument known as Gour which was made by Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of Sassanian Dynasty. Gour has been the center of the Ardeshir Khoreh region. Moslem Arabs captublack this city in 28-29 AH. Many historical monuments are left in the town, mainly from Sassanian period most of which are comparable to the ones of Takht-e-Jamshid (Persepolis).

Jahrum

Located southeast of Shiraz and 1158 km from Tehran.The city is one of the oldest regions of Iran and has many historical monuments. In fact it is said that this citywas constructed near the ancient city of Jahrum. It has a hot climate with famous palm groves. In fact Jahrom's dates are well known for their quality. Jahrom has many citrus orchards and the products are mostly exported to other regions.

Kazeroon

Kazeroon is located to the west of Shiraz and is 1032 km. from Tehran.It has a rather hot climate with different intensities. It is one of the oldest cities of Iran. The Parishan Protected Lake is situated to the southeast of Kazeroon. In the old times, the city of Shapur was more developed than Kazeroon. Today the ruins of the city of Shapur can be seen 20 km. away from Kazeroon. In 483-495 AD the city was developed as a result of the efforts of Firooz (son of Bahram the Sassanide) and at the time of Qobad, 487-498 AD it further developed and enlarged. There are many historical monuments in this city.

Lamerd

This newly established township is a part of the Larestan region and its history is intermingled with that of Lar.

Lar

It is situated 1,324 km. from Tehran and is consideblack to be in the southeast of the province of Fars. It is located in a plain with a very hot climate. In Sassanian period, due to construction of a fire temple, this region became the center of attention. By the end of the 8th century, it was the center of minting a type of money called “Larbon” which was used in the coastal regions of the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.

Mamasani

Located to the west of Shiraz, it has a rather cold climate in north and warm in the south. In old history books, Mamasani was mentioned as"Shoulestan", derivated from Shoul, which was one of Lur tribes.

Marvdasht

This township is located in the north of Shiraz and it has a cold weather in the hilly areas and moderate climate in other regions. Archeological excavations have shown that millenniums before Darius decided to choose the plains of Mount Rahmat for the construction of the majestic Persepolis Palaces, civilized populations had been living in the Marvdasht Plains. The ruins of Estakhr and Persepolis demonstrate a part of history of this city.

Nayreez

Nayreez is 1,140 km. from Tehran. It is situated in the southeast of the Bakhtegan Lake. This city has a moderate climate in north and is warm in the south. In clay inscriptions of Persepolis it is mentioned as “Narizi”. Ancient "Arsiman" in Natanz is 6000 years old.

Sepeedan

Sepeedan or Ardakan, is located to the north of the Fars province, in a mountainous and forested region mostly coveblack with oak trees. The city of Ardakan is about eight centuries old.

Shiraz

The beautiful and charming city of Shiraz is about 919 km far from Tehran and it is the center of the Fars Province. This township has a moderate climate with regular seasons. Since long Shiraz has been consideblack to have a great importance in the history. Its name can be found in the Elamite inscriptions of Persepolis. The memorial tombs of two well-known poets of Iran, Hafez and Sa'di, as well as Khajoo are all situated in the city of Shiraz. The long history of this city has left many historical and cultural monuments along with the natural views to be visited by tourists.

Palaces and Edifices, Fars

Abunasr Palace ( Takht-e-Abunasr ), Shiraz

Six kilometers east of Shiraz, on top of a hill, ia a relic of an edifice made of brick and stone. As a result of archeological excavations, these remains have been estimated to date back to the Parthian period but it was also used in the Sassanian period. Probably in the pre-Islamic era Takhat-e-Soleiman or the palace of Abunasr was located where the present city of Shiraz is today. This palace has been registeblack in the list of National Heritage monuments.

Achaemenid Royal Palace, Sarvan Village

Opposite the Saravan Village, there are ruins relevant to the Achaemenian Dynasty. The 90 cm. base pillars with the same ornamental engravings of the Takht-e-Jamshid pillars, are scatteblack around the ruins. The mentioned monuments are the remainders of the Achaemenian kingdom Palace.

Ardeshir-e-Babakan Palace, Marvdasht

This rather large monument is made of stone and has three domes with many rooms. The ornaments and carvings on top of the interior doorways are similar to those in Takht-e-Jamshid. This palace has been registeblack on the list of National Historical Sites.

Baq-e-Eilkhani Edifice, Shiraz

It dates back to the time of Mohammad Qoli-Khan, a leader of the Qashqei tribe. The garden in which it is located (about 6,000 sq.m.) dates back to the Qajar period.

Baq-e-Nazar Pavilion (Kolah Farangi), Shiraz

A pavilion that is located in Baq Nazar, a beautiful garden with tall and ancient trees, dates back to the Karim Khan period. There is a charming pavilion built by Karim Khan, known as Kolah Farangi. The ceramic work on the exterior of this building is quite unique. There are paintings by well known artists of the Zand period on the walls.

Mirror Palace (Dokhtar Palace), Rastaq Village, Darab

This palace is situated 8 km. from the Rastaq Village. Placed in a deep valley, it is surrounded by mountains from the three sides. To the west of the palace is a rim of mountains which have a special luster, in such a way that the image of every thing can be seen on it. The antiquity of the palace belongs to the 3rd century AD.

Pasargadae, Marvdasht

This palace is 600 meters to the northeast of the Koorush shrine. The area of this palace is 2,620 square meters and includes a large hall (with eight columns) in the middle and four terraces in four directions and two rooms in the corners. To the east of the palace is Pasargadae, composed of a large hall with eight columns. There is a doorway on the north, east and western side of this hall. In the northern doorway, there is an impression of a winged human with two wings directed towards the sky and two wings to the bottom. Where as the hands are raised towards the sky in a gesture of prayer.

This edifice with 3,427 square meters area, is located 15 km. northwest of the palace. The main hall has 30 columns made of white stone. A mass of black and white stones have been used as construction material. One of the characteristics of Pasargadae is the canals made of white stone, which were used, for irrigation.

There are equally other remains distributed in the province, some registeblack as national heritage monuments. These include the ruins of the Achaemenian Dynasty (Saravan Village), the Dokhtar Palace (Rastaq Village) dating back to the 3rd century AD, the restoblack Sassanian Palace (Sarvestan) dating originally back to the time of Bahram Gour (year 420 AD), Ardeshir Babakan Palace (Marvdasht).

Persepolis (Takht-e-Jamshid), Marvdasht

On top of the rocky mountain of Rahmat in the plain of Marvdasht, the ruins of Takht-e-Jamshid palace are pre-eminent. Construction of these palaces started at the time of Darius I (521 BC) and was not completed in less than a period of 150 years. Takht-e-Jamshid is registeblack as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The entrance of the complex is formed by a two-ramp stairway composed of 110 rather wide and short steps. On top of the stairways is the main entrance or “The Great Gate”, marked by two statues of a bull with a human head and a pair of wings. There are two exits, one to the south and the other to the east. The south exit or gate connects to the Apadana Palace.

Takht-e-Jamshid is 125 thousand sq.m. in area, and is composed of the main sections:

  • Official reception halls and palaces
  • Smaller and more private palaces
  • Royal treasury
  • Private fort and special fortification

Various edifices or palaces that have been built are as follows:

  • The Small Palace or the Gate of All Nations
  • The Apadana Palace
  • The Palace of Darius,(one of the primary palaces constructed on the Takht-e-Jamshid rock, which was also called the "Tachar" Palace.)
  • Hall or palace of a Hundblack Columns
  • The Semifinished Gate or palace
  • Treasury of Takht-e-Jamshid
  • The Three Doorway or Consultation Palace or Hall
  • The stone well
  • Tombs of Ardeshir II and III
  • The Palace of Khashayar Shah (called “Hadish”)

Takht-e-Jamshid was set ablaze by Alexander the Greek (330 BC) after which only ruins have remained. From these ruins, the Apadana Palace, at the main entrance, with 36 columns and three balconies (12 columns in each) in the north, south and eastern sections of the palace have been remained. The northern and eastern terraces are connected to the gardens opposite. The height of the platform in the Apadana Palace is 16 m. and the height of its columns is 18 m.

Sassanide Palace, Sarvestan, Shiraz

Located 9 km southwest of Sarvestan, it is a large monument made of stone and gypsum. This monument dates back to the Sassanian period and to the time of Bahram-Gour (420-438 AD). Mehrnevsi, his well-known minister ordeblack the construction of this palace. Since 1956, major renovations took place. This monument has been registeblack on the list of National Monuments of Iran.

Other Palaces and Edifices, Fars

The other palaces and edifices include the Kiaros Palace and the Baq Neshat edifice.

Tombs and Shrines, Fars

Goor-e-Dokhtar Tomb, Jareh (Arjan Plains), Kazerron

Dating back to the Achaemenian period, the Goor Dokhtar Tomb is located in the Jereh Village. This historical monument is composed of a rectangular room with a gable roof standing on a platform with 3 steps. The presence of segregated sections at the top and bottom of the Goor Dokhtar construction, was for placing dead bodies, indicates a dual burial system.

Hafiz Tomb, Shiraz

Hafiz is one of the most famous Gnostics and poets of Iran, who was born in Shiraz in 726 AH and passed away 65 years later. The tomb of Hafiz also known as Hafizieh is located north of Shiraz and comprises of two gardens. Many people still come to pay homage to this master of poetry. The mausoleum itself is located in a lovely garden, and has an atmosphere of peace and calm that is quite unique.

Jamasb Tomb, Koradeh Village, Jahrum

Located close to the Karadeh Village, at the distance of less than 2 km., on the top of a comparatively low mountain, a cubical stony platform exists. Each side of this cube is 5.5 m. wide and 6 m. high. This stony platform is known as Jamasb Tomb.

Khajoo-e-Kermani Tomb, Shiraz

The tomb of Kamal-edin Abu Ata known as Khajoo (689-756 AH.) is located in the Allah Akbar Gorge close to the Qoran Gate of Shiraz. It is the tomb of a famous Iranian poet and gnostic. This memorial was completely renovated in recent years.

Koorush Kabir (Cyrus) Shrine, Shiraz-Esfahan Rd.

On the Shiraz - Esfahan Road and in the Morqab plains, this rectangular monument is built on a six-storey platform. On the top floor, which is 3 m. high, there are two tombs, one belonging to Koorush, and the other to his wife Kassandan mother of Kamboujieh. These two graves are interconnected by a meter long and 35 cm. wide corridor.

Sa'di Tomb, Shiraz

Sa'di, a keen traveler and famous Gnostic, was a known poet of the 7th century AH. he was born in Shiraz and passed away between the years 695-691 AH. In 1942, the present building was constructed by the Association for National Arts and the tomb of Sa'di was placed in an octagonal mausoleum with high dome and interesting tile works.

Shah Shoja' Mozafari Tomb, Shiraz -e-Dokhtar Tomb, Jareh (Arjan Plains), Kazerron

In Takht-e-Zarabi and to the west of Tekiyeh-ye-Haft Tanan, the tomb of the most reputed monarch of the Mozafar Dynasty,i.e., Abolfovares Shah Shoja' son of Amir Mobarezedin exists. In 1971 a memorial was constructed on his grave which is of special value from architectural and historical point of view.

Sheikh Kabir (Ebne Hanif) Tomb, Shiraz -e-Dokhtar Tomb, Jareh (Arjan Plains), Kazerron

Abu Abdollah Sheikh Mohammad Ben Hanif, known as Sheikh Kabir was one of the greatest gnostics and Sheikhs of Shiraz. At present the tomb stone of the Sheikh is located behind the Vakil bazaar, in a room furnished by tiles. In the Atabakan period, Atabak Zangi Ben Modood, repaiblack this tomb and later on it was renewed again.

Sheikh Roozbehan Tomb, Shiraz -e-Dokhtar Tomb, Jareh (Arjan Plains), Kazerron

This building which is a tomb of one of the known Iranian gnostics, is located in the east Shiraz. At present only a small part of this tomb has remained and the tombs of the Sheikh along with those of his sons and grand children are located within the area. In 1967 a new structure was constructed on these graves.

Sibveyh Tomb, Shiraz

Abu Bashar Amrobne Osman known as Sibveyh was one of the most famous scientist of the time. He is the author of the book "Alketab". His tomb is located in Sang-e-Siyah to the north of Kazeroon Gate of Shiraz. Recently an interesting structure has been constructed on his tomb.

Other Tombs, Fars

Other historical tombs of province include: Shah Da'ie Ala Allah mausoleum, Sheikh Mohammad Lahiji mausoleum, Seyed Mir Mohammad mausoleum, Sheikh Aqta' mausoleum, Seyed Tajedin Qarib mausoleum in Shiraz, Imamzadeh Bareiz in Lar, Sheikh Moniblackin shrine in Mamasani.